Genomics in Spine Health

Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Jan – June 2019 | Page 43-45 | Ketan Khurjekar, Aniket Ausekar, Jyotsna Jotshi

Authors : Ketan Khurjekar [1], Aniket Ausekar [1], Jyotsna Jotshi [1]

[1] Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics &Rehabilitation, Pune, India

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Ketan Khurjekar,
Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics &Rehabilitation, Pune, India


Discovery of the structure of DNA monograph and DNA Sequencing brought a paradigm shift and saw the advent of a new era in science and medicine. Neoplastic conditions are a result of aberrant mutations in protooncogenes or tumor suppressor genes, which control cell signalling and act as checkpoints of various cellular and subcellular processes..
Genomics focuses on structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes. The study of genomics deals with the sequencing and analysis of an organism’s genome. It attempts to map the entire genome of an organism and tries to distinguish between the genetic markers to see which one deal with what traits. An area which has seen a tremendous advancement as a result of molecular genomics is oncology. Spinal metastasis is one of the leading causes of morbidity in cancer patients. Spine being the third most common site for cancer cells to metastasize and are generally indicative of a late stage malignancy. Application of molecular biology and genetics to better understand and hence treat vertebral neoplastic conditions is shrinking the gap between diagnosis and mortality.
Case Study- A 42 year-old male with Tuberculosis of spine (advance stage IV NSCLC with spinal cord metastasis and  primary lung adenocarcinoma ) This case is a representation of result of targeted therapy regimen for the driver mutation responsible for prolific adenocarcinoma of lung and its metastasis.
Conclusion- Surgery, chemotherapy and Radiotherapy cannot be replaced but can be directed with more efficacy with genomic guidance.

DNA sequencing, genomics, Spinal metastasis.


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How to Cite this Article: Khurjekar K, Ausekar A, Jotshi J. Confluence of mainstream clinical practices and advanced genomic technologies: Advent of Genomic Medicine. International Journal of Spine Jan-June 2019;4(1):43-45.

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